2010 Population: 5,890
The Town of Orleans, incorporated in 1797, is a resort community on the outer Cape whose European history begins in 1642 with the first permanent settlement established by Nicholas Snow and his family. Settlers had purchased rights to the town from Mattaguason, sachem of the Manamoyick Indians.
The Colonial economy was built on agriculture, especially corn, rye and wheat, plus the growing of hay and vegetables. In the 18th century commercial fishing and shellfishing supplemented local incomes and residents worked on herring boats and went after whales. By the 19th century, coastal packets from Boston were being serviced and several windmills created power resources in the town, but the heaviest reliance by residents was on cod and mackerel fishing. Life long residents recall that in those days the very old and the very young farmed, while all the able-bodied men fished. Fishing in Orleans declined as competition from larger boats and larger ports grew, but the town had established a commercial importance on the Cape as a market center for other communities, that continues into the 20th century.
Small businesses like the Mayo Duck Farm that produced 50,000 ducklings in 1918 were welcomed by the town, but the major modern change in Orleans was spurred by the impact of summer development. Resort home development, which accelerated between 1915 and 1940 and still continues, has had the greatest effect on the town and in turn has supported increasing commercial development.
This Orleans, Cape Cod Business Page is Sponsored by
We’re Rik and Caren Morse and we own and operate Zia Pizzeria. We’re here each day ensuring that the food we serve is always of the highest quality. Prior to opening Zia in 2007, we worked in the finest restaurants on Cape Cod and Nantucket and around the country. Rik is a wine aficionado and has served as a sommelier. He chooses the wines and beer we offer and prepares your food. He’s also a major music fan and loves using music to add to the atmosphere at Zia. Caren’s the baker in the family. She spent weeks perfecting our homemade pizza dough recipe and she also creates the house-made desserts and freshly-baked pies we offer. We live in Orleans with our daughter, Lydia.
210 Main St, East Orleans, MA
phone: (508) 240-1442
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